Chateau d'Yquem has enjoyed four glorious centuries of wine making history, two of them in the very capable hands of the Lur Saluces family. The outstanding property of the village of Sauternes boasts one of the world's greatest sites for making sweet wines from very old Semillon and Sauvignon vines. But the big secret of Yquem's success is the development and management of 'noble rot'. This celebrated fungus serves to concentrate the sugar in the vines, but not without great risk. As the rot develops, following ripening, pickers may pass through the vines on more than ten occasions to select the most perfectly rotten fruit. Needless to say, the quantities produced are reduced to less than one fifth of what they might have been.